Gentically Vigorous Essay
May 5th 2014
Genetically Vigorous Populations
Biodiversity is life’s variety. It is the varying genetics that each species carries that makes it different and “unique”. Biodiversity is important, not only in evolution, but in survival; when sometimes those terms can mean the very same thing. Interestingly, biodiversity can mean a variance in the life itself – or within the genetics of a species. In keeping breeding habits within the same lineage, some animals risk lower biodiversity and sometimes even deformities and disease, as they are able to more easily pass on unfavorable hereditary traits. In increasing the overall biodiversity, the only risk is a …show more content…
Conservation methods that involve keeping bits of even whole organisms outside of the organism’s natural habitat for the purpose of breeding and helping to deepen the organism’s biodiversity is considered to be “ex situ” conservation. These can include seed banks, zoos, and even botanical gardens; anywhere where the organism is kept away from its natural habitat. They exist to help to conserve the species, so that they do not go extinct. Zoos, aquariums, and botanical gardens are able to support and help to cultivate breeding populations in captive environments and help to create more biodiversity amongst the genome in those populations. Several zoos and aquariums even have their own captive breeding programs to help repopulate endangered species which have low birth/spawning rates in the wild. Seed banks help to ensure that endangered plants do not go extinct, as well. Ex-situ conservation offers fantastic research opportunities for biodiversity; these institutions create awareness by providing public education through interaction with species that otherwise would never be appreciated - over 600 million people visit zoos worldwide each year (JCHM, 2010).