Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay
Why should you care about Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)? Today 90% of corn, 93 % of soybeans, and 82% of cotton are Genetically Modified (GM) (Dempsey). A Google search for GMO safety would reveal nearly 600,000 results, with most of them making outlandish claims. How does one decide what to believe? What does the research say? While the criticism of GMOs has a strong, vocal group of supporters, the evidence supporting GMOs shows that the benefits of GMOs far outweighs the negligible risks. While there are many different arguments regarding the use of GMOs, this essay will focus on their use in animal feeds and animal studies.
2. Opposition to GMOs
GMOs in food production were first introduced in 1996. Since that time GMO use inn crops has increased exponentially, and with it, the controversy around the topic. One of the scientists who opposes GMO us is Gilles-Eric Seralini. Seralini et al. says that GMOs cause cancer and tumors in rats. In his study Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize, Seralini writes that “males presented 4 times more large palpable tumors than controls” (4221). The reports also says that “liver congestions and necrosis were 2.5-5.5 times higher” (4221), and that kidney failures were 1.3-2.3 times higher (4221). These figures alone would be reason enough to be critical of GMOs, however, Seralini’s paper was retracted after review by other researchers. The…