Gender Inequality Essay

2625 Words Nov 26th, 2012 11 Pages
““GENDER INEQUALITY AND WOMEN IN INDIA”

Md Shakil Anjum

In India, since long, women were considered as an oppressed section of the society and they were neglected for centuries. During national struggle for independence, Mahatma Gandhi gave a call of emancipation of women. Men and women are both equal and both play vital role in the creation and development of their families in particular and society in general. Indeed the struggle for legal equality has been one of the major concerns of the women’s movement. Thus the first task in post independent India was to provide a constitution to the people, which would not make any distinction on the basis of sex. The preamble of the constitution
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Education and economic independence are visualized as chief emancipators of Indian women from the gender bias, which kept on a status gulf between the males and the females. Active participation of women in freedom movement, the dawn of independence and the subsequent recognition of women as weaker section, the heavy investment in formal and non formal education for women have contributed towards deliverance of women from ignorance and exploitation. Education has not only opened eyes of women to the fruits of knowledge but also brought awareness of their own plight. The path

for deliverance was laid strongly in the independent India through provision of equality of opportunity in education and in employment. The women’s liberation movement in the west had its reverberations in Indian sub-continent too. During the International year of women and the decade that followed it, Indian women raised their voices against the male domination and the gender biasness. Ever since that there has been a visible transformation on the Indian social fabric, with women taking up the economically productive roles at par with men. They have come to realize that they have personalities of their own as human beings, that their lives have wider interests even outside their homes. They do not want division from female roles and feel that employment affords a sense of achievement and satisfaction.

What is not clear from the existing literature is that whether the stereotype

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