Gender Equality In Global Education

Improved Essays
• Education is a powerful tool for women’s empowerment
• A host of structural, social, and financial barriers prevent girls’ enrollment and completion of schooling
• Over past two decades uneven progress has been made toward gender equality in global education goals o 161 countries- 60 percent have achieved gender equality in primary school level, but only 38 percent have done so at the secondary level o In low income countries, only 20 percent have reached gender equality at primary school level and only 10 percent at the secondary level o Predicted to take 63 years longer for the poorest countries to achieve gender equality at secondary level
• Social norms against women’s education o On average one in four men and women believe that it
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• Among 111 countries the prevalence of child marriage ranged from 2 percent in Algeria to 75 percent in Bangladesh
• India accounts for one-third of the world’s child brides
• Current laws against child marriage are not effective due to lack of enforcement
• Child marriage limits women’s health, decision-making, labor force participation, and limits ability to complete school
Girls’ Agency
• Agency- what a person is free to do and achieve in pursuit of whatever goals or values he or she regards as important
• Women who are married early over 5 percentage points less likely to be literate and over 8 percent less likely to have any secondary education
• Child marriage significantly reduces the rate of girls completing secondary school
• Across 18 to 20 countries with the highest prevalence of child marriage, girls with no education were up to six times more likely marry than girls with a secondary education
Data collected from 54 countries covering 78 percent of world’s population
• 4 in 5 women experience at least one deprivation of agency
• More than 1 in 2 women had been married before 19
• 1 in 4 of these women also condoned intimate partner violence and lacked control over household
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• Providing scholarships or cash transfers to girls o Bangladesh did this to combat child marriage and female literacy has soared from 65 percent to 85 percent
• Hiring more female teachers o Yemen has hired hundreds of female teachers to be positive role models for female students
• Reducing distance to schools by building more schools or improving public transportation
• Building separate toilet blocks for adolescent boys and girls in

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