GMO: What Is Genetically Engineered Food?

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“In the U.S., GMOs are in as much as 80% of conventional processed food” (Non-GMO Project). The public has grown concerned over genetically engineered food. However, not many people actually know what GMO stands for. GMO is an abbreviation for genetically modified organism, and can be created by genetic engineering or biotechnology. These organisms could never be created naturally. They can be used for yeast, plants, fish, and other animals. Most commonly it is used in processed foods, even vegetables such as corn and soybeans. “The National Center for Food and Agricultureal Policy estimates that 85 percent of U.S. corn is genetically modified”(Chicago Tribune). More than one-tenth of farmland contains GM crops (Diaz). Almost everyone eats food that has been genetically modified, unless only fresh, unprocessed foods that are labeled non-GMO or organic is the only things being consumed. GMOs have been used for more …show more content…
The order of nucleotides in a strand of DNA, also known as a DNA sequence, can determine traits in organisms. In both plant and animal cells, chromosomes are duplicated before the cell is replicated. Genetic engineering inserts a new base sequence into the chromosome of an organism (Diehl). In order to make a genetically modified organisms, three elements are needed. Scientists must choose an gene to transfer and isolate from the original being, an organism to put the gene into, and way to deliver the gene into the organism (Hudson Alpha). Genetic engineering speeds up the process of improving crops within a year, instead what took several generations to create plants with the right traits. Astoning creations have been made through genetic engineering. There are GMO pigs that glow in the dark from receiving certain DNA from jellyfish. Even tomatoes have been genetically modified from the winter flounder in order to sustain freezing temperatures

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