Francisco Franco's El Caudillo: Dictator Of Spain

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Francisco Franco played a very large part in Spain’s military and government history. From his early years, Franco was involved in the military and climbed the ladder to eventually be general and dictator of Spain. At the highest point in his career, Franco lead the Nationalists rebellion against the government which eventually resulted in his position as dictator of Spain. Eventually adopting the name of “El Caudillo”, Francisco Franco would lead Spain into what is now a democracy.
Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was born in El Ferrol on December 4, 1892. Born into a military family, Franco’s father was an officer in the Spanish Naval Administrative Corps while his mother was a conservative Roman Catholic. Franco knew from an early age that
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However, as Spain’s economy started to downfall there was a push to hold an election to appoint a government leader. The people of Spain were ready to rid of the monarchy and embrace a republic. Spain was still struggling to come back from the remnants of the Spanish-American War and the government was very poor. Those living in Spain were demanding more freedom and self-government. Riots were constantly happening making life to be a constant roller coaster. Now with the Second Spanish Republic in place, rules were passed that restricted the power of the Catholic Church, military, and established land-owners. Franco was directly impacted by these restrictions and his career was ultimately put to a half for a brief period of time. While this did not sit well with Franco, he decided to speak out against the new restrictions and was eventually sent to a post near El Ferrol. During the two years of the Republic leadership, a new constitution was passed in 1931 resulting in more rights for women and a right to a free education for all. The Roman Catholic Church was severely restricted with this new constitution which made the land holding churches public therefore requiring rent to be paid. Religious communities were banned as well as teaching in schools. Those living in Spain were now all granted the freedom of religion. In the year 1933, votes placed control of …show more content…
This civil war lasted for three years, and was one that was brewing for many years before 1936 due to the living conditions in Spain. The Nationalists, right side, consisted mainly of Roman Catholics who also made up much of the military, landowners, and businessmen. The Republicans, left side, consisted of the middle class workers. Many of these middle class workers lived in poverty as a result of no policies put in place to set a fixed wage amount. On July 18, 1936, Franco called for a military rebellion from the Canary Islands, which quickly spread to the mainland. Within hours Franco controlled the Spanish army and was leading troops to the republic held Madrid. Realizing that they would need a leader, Franco was appointed the head of the Nationalist party on October 1, 1936. Thinking as a leader, Franco reached out and made connections “with Nazi Germany and Fascists Italy, securing arms and other assistance that would continue throughout the duration” (, 2009) of the Spanish Civil War. Under Franco’s control, the Catholic Church had complete support from a combination of the monarchist and fascist parties. All others were rid of. Now, being a Catholic was the only acceptable religion. Catalan and Basque languages and names were forbidden and labor unions were prohibited. Franco’s army was progressing rapidly and quickly over powering

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