Features Of Copyright Laws That Affect Researching Information
Details of copyright law vary between nation countries, however, many nations share a common interest through two international copyright treaty membership agreements, the Berne Convention (which consists of 164 member states) and the Buenos Aires Convention (which is an agreement between North and South American countries,) The treaties were established in order to protect an authors’/creators’ original work from copying - whether it be literary, dramatic, design, musical or artistic.
‘Fair Dealing’ and ‘Fair Use’
Many countries have adopted a fair usage policy within their copyright laws, ‘Fair dealing’ in United Kingdom law, ‘fair dealing’ in Canada and the ‘United States doctrine of fair use’ to name just a few. The purpose of these policies is to give exception to copyright infringement laws when information is copied for the purposes of non-commercial research or study, or for the reporting of current events. A document published by the UK intellectual property office: ‘Exceptions to Copyright Law - Research’, states: “The law already permitted limited copying of some types of copyright material, such as books, for non-commercial research or genuine private study. The law has now changed so that all types of copyright works are covered.” The document goes onto explain that the amount being copied is limited by the legal application of “fair dealing” and that copying the whole work would not be…