Failure Of Chronic Kidney Disease Essay

756 Words 4 Pages
Since early 2000, there has been a significant increase of Americans who suffer from Renal Failure which was up by 57%. There are five stages of Chronic Kidney disease, and each stage has a specific characteristic which is defined by the glomerular filtrations rate. The fifth and final stage is End-Stage Renal Failure which is when the kidney is functioning at a GFR of less than 15%. According to the United States Renal Data System Annual Report more than 615,000 American’s are being treated for kidney failure which is also known as End Stage Renal Disease, more than 430,000 Americans are dialysis patients and more than 185,000 have a functioning kidney transplant. In addition, due to higher rates of other diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease, African Americans are three times more likely to develop kidney failure than Caucasians.
Chronic kidney disease is a progressive as well as an irreversible disorder; which can inevitably result in end-stage renal failure, if the kidneys function is too poor to sustain life. In the beginning a patient may have normal kidney function with little or no symptoms; however, healthy nephrons are being overworked causing them to become larger due to compensation for the diseased nephrons. The overworked nephrons allow for glomerular filtration rate to remain effective until three fourths of function is lost. Overtime as the disease progresses through the various stages it eventually results in renal failure where…

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