Renal Failure Essay

1025 Words 5 Pages
Acute renal failure is the sudden dysfunction or disease of the kidneys that can significantly impair renal function within the body. According to Huether and McCance (2012), renal failure is characterized by enough of a decline of renal function to require dialysis. Renal failure is after renal risk and injury, but prior to renal loss and end-stage kidney disease (Huether & McCance, 2012, p755). The dysfunctions the lead to acute kidney failure can be caused due to sudden renal injuries or by systemic diseases of the body. The major issue with acute renal failure is the fact that the kidneys filter the blood so it is linked to every other part of the body and can spread diseases more readily which could make it easily life threatening …show more content…
One of the main things anyone can easily modify to prevent disease is to maintain a healthy, well rounded diet. A diet that is too unbalanced in fats, sugar, or sodium can lead to developing hypertension and diabetes, which are the two leading causes to developing acute renal failure. Vitamins and supplements are a great way to balance out a person’s diet for any minerals they may be missing from their daily food consumption. According to Tepeske, Velthuis, Oudemans-van Straaten, Heisterkamp, van Deventer, Ince, and Kesecioglu (2011), when someone takes vitamins or supplements, it improves the immune system’s ability to defend against infections, improve kidney function, and improve circulation within the body, all of which would help reduce the chance of developing renal failure. Partaking in exercise is another modifiable behavior that could help reduce the risks of developing renal failure. Exercising vigorously for 30 minutes a day, for at least five days a week helps improve circulation and will help control blood sugar levels. While exercising, the blood sugar is used up to as energy rather than freely floating around in the blood as excess sugar. Smoking cession is yet another modifiable behavior that can reduce the risk of developing hypertension and renal failure. Nicotine in cigarettes causes vasoconstriction of the blood vessels and increased heart rate; both factors raise the individual’s blood pressure, which will in turn affect the filtration rate of the

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