Factors Of Overweight And Obesity In The United States

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Obesity is an epidemic, not just in the United States, but in multiple other countries across the world. Overweight and obesity are defined as excessive fat gain that negatively impacts health. Being overweight or obese is caused by a metabolic imbalance associated with consuming more calories than the body expends therefore causing weight gain. The most commonly used tool to determine a person’s weight category is by using their body mass index. Body mass index is calculated by taking the persons’ weight and dividing it by the square of their height. A high BMI is indicative of high body fat. Using BMI, a person is determined to be overweight if their BMI is between 25<40, and Class 3 is a BMI of 40 or higher (Centers for Disease Control …show more content…
Overweight and obesity is a known risk factor for these issues for both men and women. A search of literature conducted by Best and Bhattacharya (2015) found that approximately 8% of overweight women and 18% of obese women have a reduction in fertility. In relation to that, obese women overall tend to have less children than normal weight women which could in part be due to the reduction of fertility. Best and Bhattacharyas’ article reviewed multiple aspects on how obesity impacts fertility in women. In what could be related to fertility issues, research by Frisco and Weden, (2013) investigated and analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and found that obese women had higher chances of remaining childless. The participants of Frisco and Wedens’ study were women 20-25 years of age who had not yet had children as 0f 1982. The authors then studied the participants’ childbearing experiences between 1982 through 2006. In comparison to their normal weight counterparts, more than double of obese women had zero children. In addition, the study found that women who were overweight in early adulthood were four times as likely to be childless (Frisco & Weden, 2013).
Overweight and obesity has been shown to also affect the fertility of men. Obese men have an increased risk of experience fertility issues,
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The research, in this literature review, has shown that overweight and obesity is a risk factor for diabetes, specifically type 2 diabetes, depression, and reproductive issues. Reproductive issues often went away with the loss of weight. Overweight and obese persons were found to have experienced depression differently than their normal weight peers. It was also concluded that overweight and obese persons also had more risk of developing type 2 diabetes in comparison to those of normal weight. Economically speaking, studies have concluded that overweight and obesity incurs extra costs both medically and in regards to lost productivity. Finally, preventing obesity has been found to be most effective when focused on children and adolescents. Prevention programs that encourage healthier eating habits and increased exercise for children could be effective against obesity. Prevention is more ideal than treatment since research has determined that treatment options highly vary on effectiveness from person to person. Further research into preventive methods, especially for child obesity should be addressed. For adult obesity, it would be significant to find the most ideal long term successful treatment method in order to spearhead this epidemic. Though the causes of

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