Explain The Sense Of Which The Physicist ( Or Natural Scientist?
Writing Assignment 1
a. First, explain the sense in which the physicist (or natural scientist) assumes that “objects must conform to our cognition” in the course of her investigations. Appeal to the discussion at Bxii-xiv to answer this question.
Kant states that physicists assume objects must conform to their cognition during their investigations, because physicists learn from both using cognition and objects seen in nature to understand laws in nature. Although physics has many principles that are empirically demonstrated, some of these principles were not learned of through experience. Natural scientists use both cognition and empirical principles to discover natural laws. Before experimenting, natural scientists first thought of concepts explaining how the world might work. Then they performed experiments to see if the concepts they thought of did indeed work. Kant gives the example of Galileo who chose to roll balls of weight down an inclined plane in order to discover laws of physics. Kant states Galileo first thought of concepts for how objects in motion may act before he empirically tested them, then as a result of the experiment stated laws of physics. Kant claims Galileo and other thinkers used their cognition and experiments to answer nature’s questions and make judgments on laws. This is different from the natural scientists imposing laws on nature. Natural scientists are not looking at the world and applying laws to it saying how nature works.…