Apple Tree Grafting Research Paper

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Deciduous Tree Grafting
Introduction

The Apple Tree, or Malus pumila, is a deciduous tree in the rose family that is best known for its pome fruit, the apple. The most widely cultivated tree within the genus Malus, the Apple Tree has been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe and was brought to North America by European Colonists in the 17th century. In 1625, the first apple orchard in North America was planted within the Boston area by Reverend William Blaxton. Typically, a cultivated Apple tree can stand anywhere from 1.8m to 4.6m, while a feral trees top out around 12m. The trees themselves, on average, are usually largest when grown from seed, however, most Apple varieties are propagated by grafting. Grafting is used primarily
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They should both be of the same diameter, or similar enough. Find a section of each at an area that is between buds. Step 2: With a sharpened grafting knife, make a clean, gently sloping slice from 3 to 6mm on the scion and rootstock. Step 3: Make a reverse cut on the scion and rootstock about one-third of the way from the tip. Step 4: Insert the scion into the rootstock and make sure the vascular cambium is matched on at minimum one side of the stock. Step 5: Use stretch tape, budding rubbers or raffia to secure the scion to the rootstock. Use a film or wax to cover the length of the cut on order to prevent desiccation. Step 6: Cut nonstretch ties when noticeable growth begins *Splice Graft is the same as the Whip and Tongue minus the …show more content…
They must be methodically placed so that the cambium layers match. Step 5: Seal the union with wax to prevent desiccation.

Example of Cleft Graft http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/7700/7776/grafting_7776.htm Side Veneer Graft
Step 1: Make a 25 to 38mm downward and inward cut just above the rootstock’s crown. Step 2: Make a second cut of similar proportions at the base of the previous cut. Make sure that the two cuts intersect. Step 3: Make sure that the scion cuts are of similar width and length so that the vascular cambiums match up. Step 4: Insert the scion into the rootstock. Step 5: Tightly wrap the graft with budding strips, rubbers or tape in order to secure the scion to the rootstock. Cover in wax to prevent desiccation.

Example of Side Veneer Graft https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/grafting-and-budding-nursery-crop-plants Budding with Apple Trees T-Budding
Step 1: Make a vertical cut on the rootstock through the cambium, into the wood tissue. Be sure that this cut is 5 to 25 cm above the soil level. Step 2: Make a horizontal cut right above the vertical cut made in step 1, forming a “T” shape in the bark. Step 3: Peel the flaps of bark back. Step 4: Extract a bud on the scion by making an upward cut.

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