Ex Situ Conservation Essay

1946 Words 8 Pages
Register to read the introduction… These can include seed banks, zoos, and even botanical gardens; anywhere where the organism is kept away from its natural habitat. They exist to help to conserve the species, so that they do not go extinct. Zoos, aquariums, and botanical gardens are able to support and help to cultivate breeding populations in captive environments and help to create more biodiversity amongst the genome in those populations. Several zoos and aquariums even have their own captive breeding programs to help repopulate endangered species which have low birth/spawning rates in the wild. Seed banks help to ensure that endangered plants do not go extinct, as well. Ex-situ conservation offers fantastic research opportunities for biodiversity; these institutions create awareness by providing public education through interaction with species that otherwise would never be appreciated - over 600 million people visit zoos worldwide each year (JCHM, …show more content…
The usual course of action to preserve an endangered plant or animal species in its natural habitat (or an in situ situation); this is done through protecting/cleaning up the surrounding habitat or with defending the species from predators (BGCI, 2014). Most of in-situ conservation battles with habitat loss while the second highest hazard to biodiversity being invasive species with islands having the gravest of these issues (BGCI, 2014). When restoring natural areas, it is vital to keep habitat fragmentation at a minimal otherwise a rise in what is known as “the edge effect” will lead to untargeted species eradications; to ensure wise management of precious resources, key help stems from those who are most familiar with the ecosystem at hand whether it be indigenous tribes or a park ranger (BGCI, 2014). Various techniques may be implementing simultaneously because many times, endangerments are multidimensional (BGCI, 2014). It is crucial that all conservation methods be calculated and applied to strengthen or balance one another; as example, the assortments of botanic gardens can offer a foundation of supplies toward restoring habitats (BGCI, 2014). This is usually the first step taken to help repopulate endangered species. If these efforts do not work, then some samples from the species are used in a form of ex situ

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