Essay on Euthyphro
PHI208: Ethics and Moral Reasoning
Instructor: Ian McDougall
May 27, 2013
1- Explain how the concept of holiness emerges in the dialogue and why it takes a prominent position in the conversation between Socrates and Euthyphro. In the Euthyphro, the concept of holiness emerges as Socrates and Euthypho are discussing how Euthypho’s father is accused of murder. They start off my discussing if the murder was just or not. If the murder was just then Euthypho has a duty to let the matter be. If the murder was unjust then action should be taken against him. Euthypho then states that “A son is impious who prosecutes a father. Which shows, Socrates, how little they know what the gods think about piety and …show more content…
The third definition that he gives is what the gods love is pious and holy, and the opposite which they hate is impious. “What all the gods hate is impious, and what they love pious or holy; and what some of them love and others hate is both or neither.” (Plato, ND) Basically stating that what is holy is approved of by the gods. Socrates refutes this by stating that a deed which is in the state of being approved by the gods is because the gods have decided to approve it. Meaning that by the act of approval and if it is divinely approved it is the state of the deed being approved by the gods.
3- Formulate your own argument as to what you think Socrates’s goal is in this dialogue. How do you know that is his goal? What features of the dialogue align with your interpretation of his goal?
The goal that Socrates has in this dialogue is to expose Euthyphro’s great ignorance in his knowledge of things. We can see that this is his goal by the last part of the dialogue, where Euthyphro’s explanations and definitions are still unclear and his arguments go around in circles. Euthyphro’s flustered tone and sudden departure from Socrates are signs that he caught on to