Esstinal Litraray Terms Essay

640 Words Mar 7th, 2014 3 Pages
Essential Literary Terms
HAVERLING HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH DEPARTMENT'S OFFICIAL LIST
As it says, this list is official. Except for the first five terms, which belong in a group, it is alphabetized.
There is a link to a printable version of this list at the bottom of the page. Exposition- The essential background information at the beginning of a literary work

Rising action- the development of conflict and complications in a literary work

Climax- the turning point in a literary work

Falling action- results or effects of the climax of a literary work

Resolution/denouement- end of a literary work when loose ends are tied up and questions are answered

Alliteration – repetition of the initial consonant sounds of words:
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ion to add meaning

Imagery – language that appeals to the five senses

Irony - Dramatic… when the reader or audience knows something a character does not Situational… when there is a disparity between what is expected and what actually occurs Verbal… when the speaker says one thing but means the opposite

Metaphor – an implied comparison between dissimilar objects: “Her talents blossomed”

Motif- a recurring feature of a literary work that is related to the theme

Onomatopoeia – use of a word whose sound imitates its meaning: “hiss”

Oxymoron – phrase that consists of two words that are contradictory: “living dead” or “Microsoft works”

Personification – figure of speech in which non-human things are given human characteristics

Plot- The sequence of events in a literary work

Point of view- the vantage point or perspective from which a literary work is told…
1st person point of view- the narrator is a character in the story (use of ‘I’)
3rd person point of view- the narrator is outside of the story (use of ‘he’ ‘she’ ‘they’)

Protagonist- the main character in a literary work

Rhyme – repetition of similar or identical sounds: “look and crook”

Rhyme Scheme – pattern of rhyme among lines of poetry [denoted using letters, as in ABAB CDCD EE]

Setting- The time and place of a literary work

Simile – a direct comparison of dissimilar objects, usually using like or as: “I wandered

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