Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay examples

1021 Words Nov 10th, 2015 null Page
Eric Erikson is most famous for his work in filtering and expanding Freud 's theory of stages. Development, he says, functions by the epigenetic principle. This principle says that we develop through a predetermined unfolding of our personalities in eight stages. The progress through each stage is in part determined by our success, or lack of success, in all the previous stages. It’s like when you unfold a rose bud, each petal opens up at a certain time, in a certain order, which nature, through genetics, has been determined. If we obstruct in the natural order of its development by pulling a petal forward too early or out of order, we can ruin the development of the entire flower. One of the most talked about theories is his theory of psychosocial development. This is a theory that describes stages in which an individual should pass as they are going through life. His theory includes nine stages all together. The original theory only included eight stages but Erikson‘s wife found a ninth stage and published it after his death. The nine stages include: trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. identity confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativist vs. stagnation, integrity vs. despair, and hope and faith vs. despair.
Each stage includes developmental tasks that are psychosocial in nature. Although he follows Freudian tradition by calling them crises, they are more drawn out and less specific than that…

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