Equal Opportunity And Affirmative Action Essay

964 Words Jan 21st, 2016 4 Pages
The history of the American workplace has been tumultuous plagued with many issues all stemming from personnel differences. Throughout our history the American people have implored for equality in hiring, workload, work environment and career paths. The American government has attempted to answer the pleads by passing many laws and starting initiatives to better the workplace for all Americans regardless of Race, Gender, National Origin, Religion, Disability and Age. Two initiatives I will be exploring are Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action.
Equal Opportunity Equal Opportunity started to make waves in 1961 as an executive order from President John F. Kennedy. In his order he indicated that federal contractors take “affirmative action to ensure that applicants are treated equally without regard to race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” (Equal Opportunity Timeline) Since 1961 there have been many changes to the laws and the initiative however at its core it is still the same provide everyone with equal opportunities to everyone. Hence, you might be thinking are we in the twenty-first century? Isn’t this a thing of the past? However, still to this day we are plagued with blatant disparities amongst Age groups, race groups and gender groups. For example the wage gap between men and women, according to Catherine Hill with the AAUW in 2014 there was a wage gap of 21% between men and women. The problem gets worse depending on the state you reside for…

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