Essay on Emergency Management : Functions Of Mitigation

974 Words Nov 4th, 2015 4 Pages
Emergency management is the managerial function that creates the framework for communities to develop strategies to reduce hazards and manage the aftermath. There are four phases by which emergency management manages disasters and they are mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Emergency management is effective when the community, local, state, and federal government act responsibly by actively engaging in the activities to minimize or eliminate destruction.

Mitigation is the process of educating the communities on how to prepare for a disaster before it happens. According to Haddow, it is the means for reducing the impacts such of loss of lives and developing sustainable actions to reduce or eliminate the risks to people and property from disasters and their effects. Some of the actions taken are to reduce the likelihood of occurrence, or reduce the damaging effects of unavoidable hazards, for example buying flood and fire insurance for you home and this can take place before or after an emergency. By becoming active in the process helps to lessen the potential or actual effects or consequences of an incident. The function of mitigation is to look at the long-term solutions to reduce risk and to address the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. Mitigation takes place before and after an emergency takes place.

The primary goal of mitigation is to ensure that fewer communities and individuals become victims of disasters (Haddow, 2014). The…

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