Essay on Electric Cars

1095 Words Sep 27th, 1999 5 Pages
The issue of electric car has been arising nowadays. But many of us never really find a true

example of the uses of electric cars in everyday life. From the article "Electrical Engineering",

an Australian built his own electric car from a second hand Porsche. The article proves that

having a private electric cars is no longer a dream. But do all people know the good things and

the bad things about having a private electric car?

Now, what electric vehicles really are? Simply put, electric vehicles are vehicles that are

powered by an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine. Electric vehicle use

electricity as the "fuel" instead of gasoline or some other combustible fuel. The electric motor in

an electric vehicle
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As with gasoline-powered vehicles, the

answer is affected by how and where the vehicle is driven ­ speed, stop-and-go, hilly terrain, etc.

­ and on how much the auxiliary systems like heat and air conditioning are used. With an electric

vehicle, the answer also depends on the type of batteries. In general, the first-generation electric

vehicles now starting to be produced have driving ranges between 40 and 120 miles on a single

battery charge. While this obviously is less than gasoline-powered cars, several points are

important to remember:

• Most people drive far less than 50 miles on an average day.

• Many vehicles in fleets operated by companies or government organizations are assigned to

routes that could easily be handled by today's electric vehicles.

• The driving distance for electric vehicles will become longer as advanced types of batteries,

fuel cells, hybrid systems and other technologies continue to be developed.

Costs for charging an electric vehicle will depend on the time of day the owner charge

the vehicle, the utility rates, and the type of the electric vehicle. What's almost certain is that

people will pay substantially less than you pay to refuel a gasoline-powered car. The average

monthly fuel cost for a typical electric vehicle driver is expected to be less than $15, compared

to $50 for gasoline. As with gasoline-powered cars, the heavier the car and the more aggressively

you drive it, the lower the owner's fuel

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