Effects Of The Neo Columbian Exchange

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The Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of diseases, ideas, foods, crops, and populations between the New World and the Old World following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The exchange not only brought gains, but also losses. European contact enabled the transmission of diseases to previously isolated communities, which caused devastation far exceeding that of even the Black Death in fourteenth-century Europe.
The neo-Columbian exchange denned the Greater Caribbean by giving the region its distinctive ecological and economic shape. From an ecological perspective, the Greater Caribbean ecumene consists largely of the colonial and postcolonial landscapes organized around the production of tropical commodities for markets in Europe and (later) North America.' The Greater Caribbean was given its distinctive shape by exotic organisms plants, animals, and people introduced to support this export economy. In the two hundred years between 1720 and 1930, the plantation economy in the Greater Caribbean reached its apogee and then fell into sharp decline in the mid-nineteenth century with the abolition of slavery.
After 1492, human voyagers reestablished the connections through the commingling of Old and New World plants,
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Global demand for tropical commodities stagnated through much of the 193√úS. Although the volume of exports from Latin America and the Caribbean gradually recovered after 1932, their value did not necessarily recover with the same speed. The economic and institutional order that had structured the neo-Columbian exchange since the early eighteenth century was moribund. By the 1930s, there was no longer the same pressure to increase commodity production and to colonize new frontiers. By the 1930s, many of the most important introductions had already taken place, and the most important agricultural frontiers in the Greater Caribbean had been

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