Unit 1 Vocab: Exchange And Interactions

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Unit 1 Vocab
Exchange & Interactions
(WXT,ENV)
Corn - One of the many crops from the Americas that was brought over to Europe through the Columbian Exchange as a result of Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the New World.

Horses - A form of transportation and livestock from Europe that brought itself to the Americas via the Columbian Exchange. Horses heavily aided in the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs and Incas. However, the Aztecs and Incas would later utilize horses for transportation and combat. Plains Indians such as the Sioux and Comanche would become mobile hunters after the Spanish introduction of the horse.

Disease - Like corn and horses, disease was also something transmitted via the Columbian Exchange. The Indians did transmit some diseases over to the
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He advocated for the rights of the Native people and called for the abolition of the encomienda system. His protests and arguments would eventually lead to the New Laws of 1542, which regulated slavery.

Valladolid Debate - The argument of the treatment of the Native Americans. It concerned two main attitudes towards the treatment and conquest of the New World. On one side was Bartolome de Las Casas who argued for the rights of the Natives and on the other was Juan Gines de Sepulveda who argued for the further conquest and slavery of the Natives.

Juan Gines de Sepulveda - A Spanish theologian and philosopher, he was tasked by Charles V to argue against Casas’ assertions. He was practically the foil of Casa because he argued that the Spanish conquest and treatment of the Natives was justified because the Natives were inferior to that of the white man.

Chapter 1 Agree/Disagree Statements
1. The native populations of Mexico and the American Southwest developed successful societies due to their reliance on hunting and gathering. Agree -

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