Maritime Exploration In The 1400s

Improved Essays
Maritime Exploration in the 1400s
1000 CE the vikings made the risky journey to Greenland and North America from Scandinavia and only until they made technological advance did they feel comfortable dominating the land.
Muslims traders made early connections with Southern and Eastern Asia and Marco Polo’s experience even preceded theirs’.
The spice lands were known for their international contributions and China, India and Africa were known for giving Europe most of their luxury items.
The old sea route to the east was lost and the Europeans were forced to find a new more direct passage.
Overseas Empires and Their Effects
Portuguese Pioneers
Prince Henry the Navigator initiated journeys that lead down the coast of Africa in search of gold
…show more content…
Ferdinand Magellan and his ships, under the Spanish empire, were the very first to circumnavigate the world.
The Spanish were motivated by their desire to convert non Christians, their lust for wealth and power, and their desire to have societal status. The Portuguese focused on quick profits and the Spanish, although they were interested in profits, stayed at their foreign posts.
Middle and South America were colonized by many Spanish immigrants who hoped to find the city of gold and silver.
The African Slave Trade Opens
In the fifteenth century the Portuguese had the idea of selling Africans to Europeans as house slaves to turn a profit.
Once the slaves were sent across the Atlantic, the slave trade picked up and became more extensive.
Mestizos were the children of Amerindians and whites, while mulattos were the children of whites and Africans.
Dutch and English Merchant-Adventures
The Netherlands gained independence in the sixteenth century and became competitors in the race for trade.
The Dutch wanted a monopoly and their goal was to Aguirre large amounts of wealth through
…show more content…
The royal government constantly intervened to ensure that the process would work and that ensure their advantages.
Colonial policy stated that the only legal goods that could be imported where those from the home country.
The Columbian Exchange
The Colombian exchange was a result of the Europeans coming into contact with the new world.
The European and American inhabitants both had a significant effect on each other and their environment.
Through American literature the Europeans learned that the Christian moral code was one of many and that numerous forms of education and viewpoints regarding tradition.
Crops, like sugarcane, that were familiar to the Europeans but did not pro paper well seemed to thrive better on American soil.
Contact with the Mexican allowed the European to put more coins into circulation because they came into contact with more silver and ores.
Foreign suppliers received Spanish gold and silver, rather than domestic investments or businesses.
European Impacts and Vice Versa
Portuguese and other dominating powers had little impact on lives of those residing on the interior of the African

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Slavery in America is nothing to be taken lightly or forgotten. The origins of slavery go all the way back to its colonization by Europeans. The first permanent English colony in North America was Jamestown, Virginia. This colony became extremely successful from the introduction of cash crops like tobacco and cotton. Because of these labor-intensive cash crops the southern colonies had high demands for workers, and to keep profit up and cost down the land owners/lords looked towards slavery.…

    • 1265 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    African empires also needed slaves in addition to Europeans, slavery was the key to increase wealth in Africa.To the Europeans slaves were a form of cheap labor that allowed them to run plantations and work in America. The number of African slaves traded was approximately 1000 from 1451 to 1475 when the Portuguese started to trade for slaves and led to an overall amount of 10 million slaves traded from Africa to the Western hemisphere. African rulers tried to limit the amount of slaves traded, but the pursuit of profit drove both African and European traders. The African slaves extremely benefited the European economic and help expands colonies in the New World and the introduction of corn, manioc, and cassava led to population growth and important crops. On the other hand, slavery was extremely detrimental to Africa because of the lack of progress and development due to the significant loss of…

    • 1889 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Also, twelve years after Columbus’s first voyage, African slaves were imported into the Caribbean. This was the start of what was known as “triangular trade”. Trade goods would be sent from Europe to Africa in return for slaves. Then, these African slaves would be shipped across the ocean and sold for mostly sugar or other raw materials to bring back to Europe. This method of trade was highly profitable for the Europeans and would go on for centuries before being stopped.…

    • 899 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Slavery In The Americas

    • 1110 Words
    • 4 Pages

    This practice continued to flourish until the 17th century when the trans-Atlantic slave trade began introducing large number of African slaves in the American regions. In order to morally justify the act of slavery and to create an environment conducive to is growth, Europeans begin a long practice of dehumanizing the enslaved people. Both Native Americans and Africans were considered as non-human animals which were meant to be enslaved and place under white male’s guidance. Along with an increasingly growing Southern agriculture economy came an increased need for slave labor. In order to ensure stability and leadership in a southern society which was largely becoming predominantly African, officials turned to the practice of vilifying and degrading the enslaved people.…

    • 1110 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Slavery In West Africa

    • 1133 Words
    • 5 Pages

    This slave trade utilized the triangular trading system (Unholy Triangle) and its Middle Passage, which is the long sea journey from Africa to the New World, to ship millions of Africans. The triangular trade indicates trade between three regions: Europe, Africa, and the Americas. This multilateral system involved shipping goods from Europe to West Africa in exchange for slaves, who were then shipped to the Americas for profits like sugar, rum, and other commodities, which were eventually received by Europe. The need for labor and the recognition that the natives were insufficient with plantations were the probable causes for trading. African collaborators often sold their people for trifles and guns.…

    • 1133 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Race-Based Slavery

    • 1103 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Power as a Motive, Racism as a Tool: the Institutionalization of Slavery The discovery and exploitation of the Americas catalysed a transition from a feudalistic to a pre-capitalist to capitalist economy in Europe. The subsequent social upheaval in the 17th and 18th centuries granted opportunities to entrepreneurs, who utilised the resources of the New World to gain influence, creating a new class of wealthy planters determined to continue making money. Although some historians argue that racism caused the adoption of race-based slavery in the Chesapeake, the desire of slave owners to keep and expand their power proved a greater factor. In creating a slave society, Europeans were motivated by profit incentives and the reduction of class conflict;…

    • 1103 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They also contracted the help of two Portuguese slavers to assist the WIC in their maiden voyage. Because of the necessity for immediate slaves, the WIC also contracted privateers to confiscate Africans from Spanish and Portuguese slave ships. As the slave trade began to produce laborers, the WIC transported 26,286 documented Africans to Northern Brazil. From 1636 through 1645, the WIC imported ninety-four percent of their overall slave trade to New Holland. What may appear as instant success rather came about through years of premeditated planning.…

    • 1042 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In the 15th century, there was the introduction of the slave trade with the Portuguese and Spanish beginning to use the trade in their colonies. It was during this time that Portugal, and later other countries, were able to expand their trade overseas and found Africa. Initially slaves came from state organized raids and warfare, but as trade progressed for African communities, the insecurity caused by these modes of production caused Africans to turn on one another and sell their friends and neighbors into slavery. As well as this, Portuguese traders would also kidnap people from the west coast of Africa to enslave, making the area more insecure while the traders also begun trading alliances with more coastal communities for slaves. This trade opened up the Atlantic to Europe during the Age of Renaissance.…

    • 1942 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    As the turn of the twentieth century approached, millions of slaves continued to suffer under Brazil’s plantation economy and would not receive full emancipatory rights until 1888. The entrenchment of slavery in Brazilian society, is due in large part to the rise and consolidation of its plantation economy. The slave plantation system first emerged in the Canary Islands in the 1450’s. The Portuguese had previously colonized the Atlantic Islands in order to consolidate their expansion into African territory. The availability of land induced migrants and investors to the region.…

    • 1078 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Atlantic Slave Trade According to Nash, the slave trade officially began in 1472 when a portuguese captain reached the coast of Benin and received royal permission to trade gold, ivory and slaves. As far as the Africans were concerned, this was no new concept for they had been practicing this kind of trade regionally and across their continent. This is an important note because it is widely assumed that Europeans marched into Africa and snatched its people against their government’s will. The slave trade then took off. By 1505, 40,000 slaves were brought to Europe and Atlantic islands by the Portuguese.…

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays