Effects Of Smoking On The United States Essay
Cigarettes are the leading cause of preventable death and disease in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). Although cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco consumption, all forms of tobacco increase the risk of chronic disease and mortality (World Health Organization [WHO], 2016). These chronic diseases result in long term health consequences, such as dependency on medications and/or physical assistance, which increases work absenteeism and decreases work productivity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). Therefore, the societal consequences of smoking include increased mortality rates, decreases in productivity, and extensive health expenditures.
The smoking prevalence remains high across the global, national, and state levels. Among the world’s population, 22% of individuals aged 15 years and older were regular smokers in 2011 (WHO, 2016). High prevalence of smoking results in increased development of chronic diseases, resulting in one death every 6 seconds (WHO, 2016). In 2014 an estimated 40 million Americans smoked cigarettes regularly. Meanwhile, more than 16 million Americans currently suffer from a smoking-related disease (CDC, 2015). According to Jamal et al. (2015), this results in more than $300 billion in direct health care expenditures and productivity losses each year.
In Hawai’i, 1400 deaths are attributed to smoking each year (Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids,…