Effects of GMOS Essay
The issue of genetically modified organisms is drawing unprecedented media attention due to its potential of bringing about fundamental changes in the genetic make up of living beings. Following paragraphs throw some light on this controversial subject.
What are Genetically Modified Organisms?
The genetically modified organisms or GMOs are the animals and plants that are genetically modified in order to develop the useful or desired traits. The techniques used to carry out genetic modification are known as genetic engineering techniques. The recombinant DNA technology is used for creating a new set of genes by combining the DNA molecules from different sources. The DNA is transferred into the organism in question and …show more content…
Harmful Effects on Crops: The genetically modified crops which the farmers plant in their fields have the same genetic make-up. Any viral or bacterial attack would thus, affect all the plants present in the field. Moreover, the cross-pollination of such plants with other plants increases the risk of contamination. The 'Bt' (Bacillus thuringiensis) genes present in the GM crops kill the insects like bees, ladybird beetles, butterflies, etc. Thus, helpful organisms too are affected along with pests.
GM Animals: Genetic modification in animals is carried out for the production of pharmaceuticals, human proteins and in therapies. The activity of animal cloning leads to deformities at the time of birth and many of such animals die while they are still young. Genetic engineering is also used for creating organs by means of animals for implanting them in human beings. For example, pig's heart could be transplanted in a human, if he is facing the danger of heart failure. However, the pig's heart if infected with a disease, it might spread to the human beings. The research in the field of genetic engineering is in preliminary stages; nothing can therefore, be said clearly about how exactly the modifications/alterations would affect the future generations of the species in questions. Gambling with the fate of these innocent creatures and