Education: Equal Opportunity? Essay

736 Words Sep 26th, 1999 3 Pages
Education: Equal Opportunity?

The U.S. Educational system has historically divided into two objective groups. The first objective focuses on increasing opportunity. The second objective focuses on stabilizing an unequal society. The objective of increasing opportunity has mainly emphasized on practition more than discussions of schooling. Thomas Jefferson implemented a plan in 1779, it promised the laboring class more opportunity to attend higher education. The point of the plan was to rake out the brilliant from the poor class, and add them to the prospering upper class. The goal of the plan was to divide the youth lives in laboring, and learned when they reached adulthood. This was a method of placing people in positions. The present
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Creating equal opportunity in education would then give many varied cultures an opportunity to choose roles in life. Jefferson's two-track educational system also followed the same method of mapping out the lives of people in a capitalist society. The two-track system separated the lower social class as the proletarians, while the learned as the bourgeois. The separation between the laborers and the owners is a perfect example of the social conflict paradigm. There is a division between two different categories of social status. The owners have more power therefore they command what goes on in the society. The laborers have little or any control in the capitalist society. Today's society still rests on a capitalist order; it will continue to do so because they have the economic power to do so.

According to Bowles and Gintis, results have concluded that socioeconomic status determines greater education attainment regardless of IQ. Countless research on how far a student will go in education has been determined by socioeconomic background. People with greater wealth tend to have more encouragment and greater educated parent then a student who is poor. Based on statistical evidence highly educated parents, tend to pass the educational background on their children. The lower social class tends to work full time at an early age to help support their families. They simply do not have the time to attend higher education. The issue on IQ does not dramatically affect

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