Dsm-Iv Evaluation Essay

944 Words Jul 13th, 2014 4 Pages
DSM-IV Evaluation
University of Phoenix

Case Study 1 – Schizoid Personality Disorder There are several believed causes for schizoid personality disorder. Cognitive theorists believe that individuals have a deficiency in the way they think, causing them to not relate and understand others normally, in turn making them withdrawn from others around them. Another believed cause is from the viewpoint of psychodynamic theorists. They believe people suffer from this disorder because of an unsatisfied need for human contact that they did not receive growing up (Comer, 2011). With these types of individuals being so withdrawn from the public, it can make it rather difficult to treat with therapy. There are several forms of therapy
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Sociocultural theorists believe that a family’s values and ideals are what lead to this disorder. If a family holds a stature of being better than others around them, it can lead to a child believe that and in turn continuing those beliefs into adulthood. Unfortunately it can be very difficult to treat these individuals because they do not believe they have a problem. Most do not actually seek help for this disorder, but rather another problem they are experiencing. Psychodynamic therapists focus their treatment on the individual’s defenses and basic insecurities, whereas cognitive therapists focus on the individual’s self-centered thinking. Cognitive therapists also try to redirect the individuals thinking to include the opinions of others, rather than just their thoughts (Comer, 2011). Unfortunately therapy for this disorder has yet to show a clear success rate.
Case Study 3 – Somatoform Disorder Anissa is displaying somatoform disorder since the traumatic car accident she was in. There are several different causes for this type of disorder. With preoccupation forms of this disorder, behaviorists believe the cause is learned through classical conditioning and modeling and cognitive theorists believe that these individuals are so sensitive to their bodily cues, that they are not able to interpret them properly (Comer, 2011). Hysterical forms of this disorder are based off of psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, and multicultural models.

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