Domestic Abuse And Violence In Relationships

775 Words 4 Pages
Domestic Abuse and Violence in Relationships
What is Domestic Abuse/Violence? Anyone who is in a relationship can become a victim of domestic abuse/violence, regardless of age, race, and gender. There are many forms of domestic violence including physical, mental, and emotional abuse, as well as stalking. Physical abuse can be determined when one partner deliberately hurts (i.e. punching, kicking, scratching, etc.) the other partner in the attempt of causing physical harm (i.e. breaking bones, causing a black eye, etc.). The emotional and mental abuse happens when one partner taunts, humiliates or degrades the other partner deliberately (i.e. the abuser tells the victim they love them but do not mean it; abuser wants to possess the victim
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According to the Domestic Violence Crisis Center, Dr. Karim states:
Research over the last several years shows that abuse victims are at significant risk for hypertension, high cholesterol, heart attacks, strokes, and chronic pain. Head injuries and strangulation put victims at increased risk for strokes, memory loss, seizures, blackouts, dizziness and difficulties with concentrating. Many victims of domestic violence are sexually abused, resulting in STD 's, HIV, cervical cancer and internal injuries. Mental health repercussions of IPV include higher incidences of depression, post-traumatic stress syndrome and suicide. (DVCC, 2012)
With all of these health issues, it is no surprise why “victims are also more likely to engage in substance abuse and other risky behaviors that put them at greater risk”, (DVCC, 2012). It is safe to assume individuals who suffer from domestic abuse/violence experience changes in health, as noted above. It is also safe to assume abusers will try to break down the victims to keep them in their power, most likely making them feel that they are not worthy or that no one cares. The victim’s self-esteem will most likely decrease and everyone has a different coping
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Karim is a behavioral scientist who states that “each year in the United States there are 12 million victims of domestic violence, rape and stalking”, (Domestic Violence Crisis Center [DVCC], 2012). With the effects mentioned above, it is clear to see why domestic violence is such a serious public health issue. The health risks that come from being a victim of domestic abuse/violence are abundant, causing many victims suffer from some change in their health due to being victimized. Dr. Karim also explains “CDC studies show that 81% of women and 35% of men who experience partner abuse also report at least one health-related problem” (DVCC, 2012), which allows to transfer over into why domestic violence results in being a large public health issue, not only for the victims but for the public as well. If a victim is infected from HIV or an STD, the public is now at greater risk because that individual can infect someone else if they do not know about their disease. It is estimated that nearly $8.3 billion is acquired annually as a result of rape, physical assault and stalking endured by domestic violence victims because they are receiving health care for their abuse (Workplace Responds to Domestic and Sexual Violence: A National Resource Center, 2010). Domestic violence not only affects the victim, it also affects the community as well as

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