Different Types Of Diabetes And How They Should Be Treated Essay

2015 Words Jun 8th, 2015 9 Pages
Diabetes takes many shapes, sizes and faces. There are misconceptions about this disease, the different types of diabetes and how they should be treated. Diabetes is a disease that effects every organ in the body. In 2008, the American Diabetes Association estimated that over 20 million people in the United States are living with diabetes (Cohen, 2013). In the next few paragraphs I will be discussing the different types of diabetes, signs and symptoms and treatment options. Diabetes type 1, which is sometimes known as juvenile diabetes, or insulin dependent diabetes is thought to be autoimmune in nature. Most people are diagnosed before 20 years of age. “The autoimmune destruction of pancreatic β-cells, leads to a deficiency of insulin secretion which results in the metabolic derangements associated with IDDM. In addition to the loss of insulin secretion, the function of pancreatic α-cells is also abnormal and there is excessive secretion of glucagon in IDDM patients. Normally, hyperglycemia leads to reduced glucagon secretion, however in patients with IDDM, glucagon secretion is not suppressed by hyperglycemia” (Ozougwu, p. 50). Although diabetes type 1 and 2 have similar symptoms and sometimes similar treatment, the pathophysiology is very different (Roach, 2010). “Those with type 2 diabetes are affected either by decreased production of insulin by the beta B cells of the pancreas or decreased sensitivity of the cells to insulin, making the cells insulin…

Related Documents