Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from lack of insulin, the insulin produced is ineffective, or both. There are three types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 known as insulin dependent mellitus, which is the pancreas not producing insulin. Type 2 known as non-insulin dependent mellitus, which is the pancreas is able to produce some insulin but the cells are rejecting it. Gestational diabetes which is manifested during pregnancy. Within these three different types of diabetes type 1 is autoimmune and type 2 is usually found in obese people over 40 years old. Type 1 diabetes was known as juvenile diabetes or early adulthood diabetes. Being considered an autoimmune disorder the pancreas is unable …show more content…
Usually found in older adults that are obese, require lifestyle changes in order to control the disorder or to even get rid of the disorder all together. Being an insulin resistant disorder the body tries to produce more insulin, which is the key, in order to get the glucose inside the cell; but after a while it can no longer keep up with the production of glucose. The cells become starved and person can start to feel fatigue because the body is not receiving the energy it needs. By placing a person on glucagon medications or insulin and also by monitor a person’s daily lifestyles with the help of their provider they can control the disorder. If a person is not following the regiment of the doctor’s orders than this disorder can worsen and cause real serious problems such as blindness, kidney, nerves, and or heart …show more content…
Hyperglycemia is when the blood sugar is greater than 250 mg/dl. When the sugar in the body is high they body tries to lower it by producing insulin so that the glucose can go into the cell instead of floating around the blood. This can occur if not enough insulin was given, if you didn’t exercise enough, or stress can all increase the sugar levels in the blood. Symptoms of hyperglycemia include high blood glucose, high sugar in the urine, frequent urination and thirst. Failing to treat can lead to ketoacidosis better known as a diabetic coma, which develops when your body doesn’t have enough insulin. When the body breaks down fats it produces ketones. The body tries to get rid of ketones through urine but if built up too much the body cannot get rid of it quick enough which then leads to ketoacidosis. Signs and symptoms of ketoacidosis are nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath, fruity breath smell, and extreme dry mouth. By checking your blood glucose regularly and making sure to follow your physician’s orders on how much insulin you need to receive and by sticking to your plan on dieting and exercise you can prevent this from ever

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