Differences And Similarities Between Prokaryotes And Eukaryotes

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Cells are very important because they are assumed to be the basics of life. There are two types of cells that exist: Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. The interesting thing is that, even though the prokaryotes seem to be very different from the eukaryotes. For example, humans look very different from the bacteria, but they still do share some characteristics. No matter at which cell you are looking at: bacteria’s`, plants`, animals`, protists`, etc., they all will be bounded by a plasma membrane (Biology Department,2015), and contain a nucleic acid: such as DNA, RNA, cytoplasm, and ribosomes. The things that prokaryotes will not have are organelles. Organelles can be known as the parts of the cell, such as: Nucleus, ER, Golgi apparatus, etc. There are there domains that exist: Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya(Biology Department,2015)
Archaea and Bacteria look very similar under the microscope and therefore it’s very hard to differentiate them. Therefore both of them are assumed to be prokaryotes. Still archaea
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Their size varies 10-100nm.Unlikely prokaryotes, which have a certain shape, eukaryotes do not really have a specific shape that is defined. Organelles are the things that make eukaryote cells to be eukaryote. Eukaryote cells consist of: mitochondria, Golgi, ER, vacuoles, chloroplasts, lysosomes, nucleus, etc. The organelles that a cell has might vary from the type of the cell. Unfortunately, not all the parts of the cell might be observed under the light microscope because only the large organelles can be seen, such as: nuclei, chloroplasts, vacuoles. Most of the eukaryotic cells are motile. The three mechanisms that make them so are: flagella, cilia, amoeboid motion (Biology Department,2015).Flagellum has a whip-like structure which enables the cell motion. Cilia are a hair like structure which surrounds the cell and enables its movement. Amoeboid motion which is moving with false feet called

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