Differences Between An Old Testament Prophet And A New Testament Church Leader

1015 Words Jun 11th, 2016 null Page
At first glance, an individual may question what similarities exist between an Old Testament prophet and a New Testament church leader. The obvious answer would be their faith in God. However, what else should one consider? The span of time, the culture, and the language are all different. Further, what is relevant for today’s critical reader? With careful exegesis of passages in James and Hosea, an individual’s understanding of them will affect how they apply it in their own life. Brief Exegesis of James 2:8-11 The Epistle plainly states in verse one the author is James, “a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ” (NIV) and most likely the brother of Jesus (Matthew 13:55). Continuing on, the same verse affirms the ‘twelve tribes scattered among the nations” are the recipients of the letter. Thus, the reader can confidently assume the reference is to the Jewish community and the early church. Further established in 2:2 where meeting (synagogue) is referenced as well as in 5:4, Lord Almighty (God), this terminology carries Jewish discourse. Important to mention is the fact that the “scattered” referred to the Jews who were experiencing persecution because of their faith, and so they were faced with trials and temptations (James 1:2-18). As well, the letter includes both “prophecy and Wisdom literature” (Elwell & Yarbrough, 2013, p. 337) and his use of metaphors (1:6) depict James zeal for faithfulness to Jesus Christ. General themes that James discusses include…

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