Diabetes Compare And Contrast Essay

814 Words 4 Pages
Compare and Contrast Diabetes
There are many types of diabetes out there, we will specifically cover hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperglycemic, hyperosmolarity, and non-ketotic syndrome. First, let 's go over the endocrine system and why it is so important in controlling diabetes. The endocrine system helps your body maintain homeostasis, that is keeping your internal equilibrium at ease by adjusting continually to changing factors. Hormones helps regulate the internal environment by responding to stress and regulating growth/development. The amount of hormone released depends on the body 's need for the hormone. A negative feedback control mechanism prevents overproduction or underproduction.

Hypoglycemia, insulin shock, is
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If you are experiencing an episode, lower your blood sugar by exercising. Make sure to check your blood sugar first, if you are above 240 mg/dl you need to check your urine of ketones. If they are present do not exercise. If this goes untreated it can lead to something called ketoacidosis, which is discussed more in the next paragraph. There is an option for pancreatic transplant. The new pancreas starts to create new insulin in minutes of being transplanted.

Diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetic coma, is when your cells are unable to get glucose they need for energy because there is not enough insulin. Cells don’t g et the glucose they need for energy, so your body begins to burn fat and break it down. This results in ketones, which are waste products from the breakdown of fat. Ketones build up in the bloodstream and make your blood more acidic. If you do not seek help right away you will end up dead. It is usually caused by illness, poor personal hygiene, and undiagnosed type 1 diabetes.
The goal of treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis is to increase blood glucose levels with insulin. Also, to replace fluids lost through urination, loss of appetite, and vomiting. You can use an insulin pump, just make sure that there is no kinks in the hose, blockages, or disconnections. Also, there is an option for a pancreatic
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Breaking the word down, "hyper" means high and "osmolarity" is the measure of concentrations of active particles in a solution. This happens to people who produce enough insulin to prevent DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis, but not enough to prevent hyperglycemia. Then we move onto HHNS which is hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome. This is caused by either an illness of infection and results from high blood sugar levels. The glucose level rises and your body tries to get rid of the excess sugar by passing through your urine. At first, you will be urinating often. It then turns into feeling the urge to go, but with dark urine and you become extremely thirsty. If this is left untreated you could become severely dehydrated, go into a coma and even death. This coma is called HHNC, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic

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