A Compare And Contrast Diabetes Essay

Improved Essays
Compare and Contrast Diabetes
There are many types of diabetes out there, we will specifically cover hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperglycemic, hyperosmolarity, and non-ketotic syndrome. First, let 's go over the endocrine system and why it is so important in controlling diabetes. The endocrine system helps your body maintain homeostasis, that is keeping your internal equilibrium at ease by adjusting continually to changing factors. Hormones helps regulate the internal environment by responding to stress and regulating growth/development. The amount of hormone released depends on the body 's need for the hormone. A negative feedback control mechanism prevents overproduction or underproduction.

Hypoglycemia, insulin shock, is
…show more content…
Cells don’t g et the glucose they need for energy, so your body begins to burn fat and break it down. This results in ketones, which are waste products from the breakdown of fat. Ketones build up in the bloodstream and make your blood more acidic. If you do not seek help right away you will end up dead. It is usually caused by illness, poor personal hygiene, and undiagnosed type 1 diabetes.
The goal of treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis is to increase blood glucose levels with insulin. Also, to replace fluids lost through urination, loss of appetite, and vomiting. You can use an insulin pump, just make sure that there is no kinks in the hose, blockages, or disconnections. Also, there is an option for a pancreatic
…show more content…
Breaking the word down, "hyper" means high and "osmolarity" is the measure of concentrations of active particles in a solution. This happens to people who produce enough insulin to prevent DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis, but not enough to prevent hyperglycemia. Then we move onto HHNS which is hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome. This is caused by either an illness of infection and results from high blood sugar levels. The glucose level rises and your body tries to get rid of the excess sugar by passing through your urine. At first, you will be urinating often. It then turns into feeling the urge to go, but with dark urine and you become extremely thirsty. If this is left untreated you could become severely dehydrated, go into a coma and even death. This coma is called HHNC, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The body does this when it’s primary source of energy, glucose, isn’t broken down by insulin, causing the body to start burning off fat for fuel and in the end produce the chemical Ketone which in high quantities can be damaging to the human…

    • 1157 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Introduction I have chosen the diabetes diet because it will help me as a chef to understand my clients varied dietary needs and my family history about diabetic. My uncle has been type 1 diabetes since 1985 and my mother has been type 2 diabetes since 2012. I don 't know exactly the cause of my mother because she always eats various vegetables such as capsicum, carrot, spinach, lettuce, onion, garlic, etc and has exercises every day over about 2 hours. I know the causes of type 2 diabetes which are insufficient exercise and excessive eating meats. She has no reason that she has been diabetes.…

    • 1628 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Good nutrition has a great effect towards the health of our body since birth. With a proper nutrition, it will help to make the antibody of a person stronger and more subtle to diseases. A well balanced diet can be interpreted as a diet that consist of all the nutrient that are needed by the body of a human being. A body functionality depend highly on the nutrient intake especially on the macronutrients and micronutrients. Food that we consume now will take its toll in the future.…

    • 1083 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Type 1 Diabetes Essay

    • 1237 Words
    • 5 Pages

    When blood sugar levels increase past the individual’s threshold, metabolic process begins to malfunction, which can result in organ system/ body complications such as cardiovascular issues, intermediate hyperglycemia and more. The type…

    • 1237 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Consequently, it takes more insulin to find the right key to unlock the cells for glucose. When glucose cannot get into your cells, your cells lack the energy to keep your body working. You can experience nausea, weakness, or other neurological symptoms. At the same time, your glucose level rises in your blood stream. To prevent this from happening, an external supply of insulin is needed, as the people with diabetes must inject insulin, like insulin Humalog, several times per…

    • 1299 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Unit 1 Homeostasis

    • 1680 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Task 1 Homeostasis is the ability of the body to maintain a constant internal environment within narrow limits. The word homeo means it is unchanging and stasis means it is staying still; it has three main elements that are a sense organ to detect change, a control centre that is usually from the brain or spinal cord and a responding organ to effect a change in conditions. The factors that homeostasis controls in our body are our body temperatures, water content, carbon dioxide levels and our blood sugar levels (http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/ocr_gateway_pre_2011/ourselves/5_staying_in_balance1.shtml (Tues 13th)). For our body cells to survive and be fully functional our internal temperature needs to remain similar, in our…

    • 1680 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The pancreas produces a hormone, called insulin, that allows cells to turn glucose into energy. In people with type 2 diabetes, the cells become resistant and no longer respond to the insulin that is being produced. This causes the glucose to build up in the blood stream. Symptoms Many people don't experience symptoms until their blood sugar gets too high.…

    • 461 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute rapid complication caused by hyperglycemia. Body fat starts to break down for energy resulting in a build-up of ketones in the blood and urine. Meanwhile, the ketones are like poison in the body causing it more acidic, which would lead to coma or death. Risk factors include a missed or reduced dose of insulin, physical or emotional stress, illness, infection, or untreated type I diabetes. Clinical manifestations appear polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weight loss, abdominal pain, blurred vision, orthostatic hypotension, fruity breath, Kussmaul respirations, metabolic acidosis, and a change in mental status.…

    • 1574 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Diabetes In 2005, 1.1 million people died from diabetes. The full impact is much larger, because although people may live for years with diabetes, their cause of death is often recorded as heart diseases or kidney failure (http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/diabetes/02en.html). Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects how your body uses blood sugar. Glucose comes from the food we eat and the liver.…

    • 672 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What´s Type 2 Diabetes?

    • 967 Words
    • 4 Pages

    What is diabetes? Diabetes is a common condition in which the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high. This is because the body's method of changing glucose into energy is not working as it should. We obtain glucose from the food that we eat, either from sugary foods or from the digestion of starchy foods such as bread or potatoes.…

    • 967 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Type One diabetes can affect children and adults at any age, and is affected by both environmental and genetic factors. This type of diabetes has nothing to do with diets or lifestyle choices, and cannot be prevented. This disease’s onset is quite immediate, and forces the person to rely on insulin pumps or injections to function properly. If balance of insulin is not perfect, the patient could die or have other serious health…

    • 704 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get in the cells in the body. When someone has diabetes, your body can’t make enough insulin or it can’t use its own insulin as it should. This will then cause sugar to build up in the blood stream. Common symptoms of diabetes include, urinating often, Feeling thirsty, feeling very hungry (even though you…

    • 393 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, the main type of sugar in the blood. Glucose, which comes from the foods we eat, is the major source of energy needed to fuel the body 's functions. To use glucose, the body needs the hormone insulin. But in people with…

    • 1356 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease, and happens to be the most popular type of diabetes. In fact, 95% of people with diabetes have type 2 (ADA). This specific type of diabetes is not one people tend to live with for their whole life. It was formally called adult-onset diabetes because it tends to start affecting people over the age of 40 (ADA). Unlike people with Type 1 diabetes, people with Type 2 do produce insulin.…

    • 731 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The body has millions of functions it has to keep up with. Whether it be walking, digestion and even controlling the amount of sugar utilized in metabolic processes. This specific function has been causing issues in society more and more as each year passes by; this is called diabetes. Diabetes is not just one disease but a group of various types of disease that all have one thing in common; glucose control. The systems that utilize glucose cannot change the levels of its uses so it needs the right amount in order for the body to function at its best.…

    • 757 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays