Carbohydrates Case Study

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Discussion
Group 1 who ingested 300ml water and 50g of glucose refer to figure 2 showed an increase in blood sugar levels that stayed above baseline for 80minutes. The results didn’t show what was expected as since it was a foodstuff that only contained carbohydrate. It also had a high GI and therefore was expected to raise blood glucose levels more quickly than those that also contain fats and protein. Also liquids that contain carbohydrates will cause blood glucose levels to rise faster than solids that contain carbohydrates, as they don’t need to be broken down and allow for rapid absorption. Results may not have resembled this, as group 1 did not fast which makes the data a misrepresentation.

Group 2 who ingested one slice of wholemeal
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As people with type 2 diabetes body’s develop resistance to insulin. Therefore, it is critical that diabetics know how to control their blood glucose levels with diet and exercise. One of the primary uses for the glycaemic index is to help diabetic individuals control their blood sugar. It is imperative that diabetics have a diet and exercise regime to ensure homeostasis. It is beneficial for diabetics to plan meals consisting primarily of foods from the low and medium GI categories and avoid high GI foods. However it is important to carbohydrate count as well (Zoumbaris, 2012). If they don’t participate in diet control their current diabetic condition could lead to hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia. Recommendations for carbohydrate consumption for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are 50-70% carbohydrates. Diabetics also need to keep saturated fat to <7% of total daily consumption. Cholesterol consumption should be less than 200mg/day (Kamen, …show more content…
The interaction of insulin, blood glucose and exercise requires trained clinical exercise physiologists’ supervision. Diabetics should never exercise alone and should always have food ready and available as there is a risk of blood sugar levels dropping dangerously low during exercise (Kamen, 2001). Patients should consider delaying exercise if their blood glucose is 250mg/dl and ketones are present or if their blood glucose level is over 300mg/dl (Fowler, 2007). Ketones build up when the body doesn’t have enough insulin to use glucose, which makes the body more acidic. A benefit of exercise for a diabetic is that exercise acts like insulin by allowing glucose to enter cells and be used properly. It also increases insulin sensitivity up to 48 hours. (Goodyear, 1998). Type 1 diabetics who exercise don’t need as much insulin when they don’t exercise. Type 2 diabetics can reverse the disease and symptoms with exercise. At the commencement of the exercise program it is recommended for people with diabetes to take it slow. Suggestions would be to talk to your health professional about activities such as walking, swimming, cycling, dancing, gardening, golfing, weight training, tai chi and water aerobics. It is important to check your feet if you are a diabetic as ulcers or other lesions of the feet can be serious. Therefore avoid exercise that

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