Diabetes : A Metabolic Condition That Causes The Body 's Blood Glucose
Diabetes is a metabolic condition that causes the body’s blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. Type 2 diabetes was originally known as “adult-onset” or “non-insulin dependent” diabetes, though it has changed because type 2 diabetes may be diagnosed before adulthood and sometimes needs treatment with insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is quite different than type 1 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas secretes too much insulin ultimately trying to keep up with the body’s needs. Overtime, the pancreas cannot keep up with the body’s needs, therefore, the individual becomes hyperglycemic (high blood sugar) or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), leading to the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
The hormone insulin’s role is to regulate the amount of sugar in your cells. The type 2 diabetics are insulin resistant because their body cannot use the hormone insulin correctly. The body is not able to metabolize, or convert, the body’s glucose into energy.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes signs and symptoms may include:
• increased thirst
• increased hunger
• weight loss
• urinating frequently
• blurred vision
• mood changes with irritability
• numbness in the hands or feet
• frequent infections related to the skin
• sores that won’t heal
• dark patched of skin discoloration
• no symptoms
These symptoms are gradual, therefore sometimes going unnoticed for many years.
Complications of Type 2 Diabetes
Although long-term complications of diabetes…