Death Penalty Essay

2056 Words Nov 8th, 2012 9 Pages
THE DEATH PENALTY…ETHICAL? OR NOT?

Outline
1608 Captain George Kendall becomes the first recorded execution in the new colonies
1632 Jane Champion is the first woman executed
1767 Cesare Beccaria’s essay On Crime and Punishment, theorizes that there is no justification for the state to take a life
Late 1700’s United States abolitionist movement begins
Early 1800’s many states reduce their number of capital punishment crimes & build state penitentiaries
1834 Pennsylvania becomes the first state to move executions into correctional facilities
1846 Michigan becomes the first state to abolish the death penalty for all crimes except treason
1890 William Kemler becomes the first person executed by electrocution
Early 1900’s
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Georgia, Jurek V. Texas & Proffitt V. Florida collectively referred to as the Gregg decision

Deontology
-Immanuel Kant
-Retributivism
-“A society that is not willing to demand a life of somebody who has taken somebody elses life is simply immoral”
- In Kant’s view, a wrongdoer’s voluntary choice to commit a crime justifies the infliction of a parallel evil in return; respect for the autonomy of the wrongdoer requires that “the undeserved evil which any one commits on another is to be regarded as perpetrated on himself.”
- He argued that even a society on an island that was about to disband and scatter

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