Essay on Crohn 's Disease And Ulcerative Colitis

2790 Words Mar 4th, 2016 null Page
Introduction
Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Inflammatory bowel disease is “any intestinal inflammatory disease, especially Crohn 's disease and ulcerative colitis, of unknown cause” (Inflammatory Bowel Disease, n.d.). Inflammatory Bowel Disease is broken down into two types Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative colitis are not the same thing. Dr. Burrill B. Crohn’s first described Crohn’s disease in 1932, with his colleagues Dr. Leon Ginzburg and Dr. Gordon D. Oppenheimer. “A chronic inflammatory bowel disease that causes scarring and thickening of the intestinal walls and frequently leads to obstruction” (Crohn 's Disease, n.d.). “Chronic ulceration in the large intestine, characterized by painful abdominal cramps and profuse diarrhea containing pus, blood, and mucus” (Ulcerative Colitis, n.d.). Crohn’s disease is known as a chronic long lasting inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. Crohn’s disease can be a debilitating illness. The symptoms of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are very similar but the physical areas in the gastrointestinal tract that are affected are different. Crohn’s disease is sometimes called regional enteritis or ileitis (chronic inflammation of the intestines). Inflammatory Bowel Disease has been linked with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. “Inflammatory Bowel Disease is responsible for the disability of approximately 119,000 individuals…

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