Critique of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Articles Essay

4738 Words Jul 1st, 2012 19 Pages
Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program to Primary Care:

A Pilot Study

Acknowledging that there is a need for the obese Type 2 diabetics (T2D) to make changes in their lifestyle, Whittemore et al. (2009) decided to do a study to see if there is a need for programs to decrease the incidence of Type 2 diabetes. The article selected is an example of experimental quantitative design. The summary model can be found in the text on pages 112 through 114 in Polit & Beck (2012). There were four Nurse Practitioner (NPs) groups recruited for this study. There were four randomized sites used for the study, two sites, which consisted of lifestyle changes, and two sites enhancing the standard care program (Polit & Beck, 2012). Problem
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The sources were the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), American Diabetes Association (ADA), Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) introduced evidence showing T2D lifestyle change programs can assist in the downward progression of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (Whittemore et al., 2009). The studies selected were those of a one-group design and even though the studies were not centered on the DPP, the implication was there (Whittemore et al., 2009).

Conceptual/Theoretical Framework

The choice for the organization framework in the pilot study was RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) model because of its use in evaluating health behavior programs effectiveness (Whittemore et al., 2009). The components that structure the conceptual framework for this pilot study are provider-partnership model of care, education, motivational interviewing ,goal setting, and problem solving (behavioral support) (Whittemore et al., 2009).

Method/Protection of Patient’s Rights

Even though there is no statement concerning patient confidentiality or patients’ rights, each participant signed an informed consent their baseline data was collected. Then specifies describing the program along with written material explaining prevention of diabetes was provided (Whittemore

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