Critically Evaluate Three Counselling Intervention / Techniques and Use This Evaluation to Reflect on the Application of the Humanistic Theory in Counselling Practice and How They Contribute to the Effectiveness of the Process.

2369 Words May 31st, 2011 10 Pages
By definition; counselling interventions and techniques can be described as a unique interrelationship between a client and a counsellor, with the sole aim to promote a change and growth and encourage a shift in behaviour towards fulfilling his or her human potential. (Feltham & Horton, 2006) It is the responsibility of the counsellor to contribute to the process of change during the counselling process, to enhance his or her client's personal development. The current essay will critically evaluate three counselling intervention / techniques and use this evaluation to reflect on the application of the humanistic theory in counselling practice and how they contribute to the effectiveness of the process.
Historically, within psychology
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Throughout the process they become aware of the therapist as a person and may become more curious of them as an individual. At this point they may express an interest by asking questions about the therapist as a person. This may be an indication that the process is now nearing or at its end (Patterson, 1985).
Self-disclosure can often take the form of immediacy. By this I mean, the counsellor disclosing thoughts and feelings about what is happening in the therapist client relationship in the ‘here and now’. Immediacy is both a person centred and Gestalt intervention, it aims to raise awareness. Skilled use of open and honest communication allows the therapist to be aware of what is happening in the counselling relationship at any given moment and reflecting this back to the client sensitively. It is an intervention that allows the counsellor to focus on the way the relationship itself has developed and how it is helping or identifying what is standing in the way of progress. (Egan, 1994). The sole purpose of immediacy is to strengthen the working alliance.
Immediacy can be useful to ensure contact is not broken throughout the process. Immediacy can be used to address a whole host of situations for example if the session has become directionless and no progress is being made, there is tension between counsellor and client; where trust seems to be an issue; where there is a social distance (Egan, 1994).
Whilst the open and honest nature of immediacy can

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