Critical Analysis Of Beck's 'Politics Of Risk Society'

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The article ‘Politics of risk society’ written by Beck (1998) which will be considered in this paper concentrated on the concept of risk society and its impact of modification on social theory and politics. According to Beck (1998), previous industrial society has become a risk society, in which the risk is a result of decisions deliberately produced by society in economic, political and social spheres of life. He argues that in the modern world, people cannot avoid distancing from the risks and poses the problem of risk minimization and its management. The existence of a person becomes more risky in the risk society. This is because people are not only involved in a risk but they create it and make an attempt to survive in a risk society (Beck, …show more content…
The author (1998) claims that risk society is ‘manufactured uncertainty’, which is generated by ‘collective irresponsibility’. People live in a risk society; everyone faces unknown, global risk from which no one can escape (Beck, 1998). There is a de-politicization of the state because key ideas and their solutions are mostly made in the fields of science. Science is in an unclear moral and political situation because it creates risks and has to create inventions to protect from them (Beck, 1998). Moreover, political principles and morality become over scientific opinions. According to the author (1998), science leads to delay making important political decisions and in its turn, bureaucracy is irresponsible for their decisions which it does not take and this grows ‘organized irresponsibility’. There are professionals, who are responsible for identifying the degree of risk of new technologies and disseminate knowledge about them, may acquire key political and social …show more content…
If politicians ignore these risks, the risks can develop into a crisis that could be harmful for the socio-economic situation of the country. The government and society should be both involved in managing risk processes. Moreover, citizens should be well informed and conscious to be able to properly use the mechanisms for risk management. However, knowledge about risks is limited. For risk governance it is important to understand that modern society is the risk society, which leads to taking into account the fact that society is acting in uncertainty conditions. The presence of uncertainty makes it difficult to assess the situation and the consequences of actions in decision making processes. Additionally, uncertainty exacerbates the problem of choice in a risk society. This text may be relevant to the situation where the risk was taken by the government of Kazakhstan in uncertainty conditions. Kazakhstan, for example, as well as some other countries, was a part of the Soviet Union. All aspects of the development of society were managed and controlled by the totalitarian system of the Soviet Union. Participating countries were subject of common ideology. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan was faced with a situation of choice strategy. Kazakhstan adopted a strategy of social investment and government

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