Criminal Justice Problems Essay

4818 Words Sep 29th, 2013 20 Pages
Problems within the Criminal Justice System
In the United States

This research paper explores some problems faced within the criminal system justice in the United States. Larry J. Siegel’s book “Criminology” gives us a history of the criminal justice system, how it operates, and some of the problems we experience with this system. Some of the problems detailed in this paper include the right to equal justice; which he explained the different kind of judgment that people receive based on their race, gender and class, the criminal justice system spends more money on criminals instead of improving technology for the police apprehending them, the criminal justice
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The four major components of the criminal justice system are the police, the prosecutors and defense attorneys, the courts, and corrections. The police play a significant role in the criminal justice system. They respond, investigate, arrest, and keep criminals in custody. The second is the prosecution or defense; they charge or defend, recommend arraignments and bail, and negotiate plea bargains. The third is the courts; they adjudicate, disposition, and appeal. The fourth is corrections; they house and rehabilitate, then release through term served or parole.
“The system is massive because it must process, treat, and care for millions of people” (Siegel, 2009, p. 560). This means that system of justice plays an important role in protecting its citizens. In doing so, the system must give equal treatment to everyone regardless of an offender’s race, gender, social class or religion. To make sure that the rights and privacy of every citizen is secure, each component of the justice system is under the supervision of “state and federal courts through the “law of criminal procedure”, which sets out and guarantees citizens certain rights and privileges when they are accused of crime” (Siegel, 2009, p. 567). This law of criminal procedure comes into play when someone becomes a suspect in committing a crime. The law decides whether a police officer should search a suspect’s property, interrogate them, or even make

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