Essay on Comparison Of Homer 's ' The First Three Chapters '

785 Words Oct 18th, 2016 4 Pages
In the first three chapters, Auerbach compares different ancient styles of representing reality. Homer’s style represents a constant present time: flashbacks are integrated in present, without giving any other perspective where you can see action from. Narrative tension is broken in this flashbacks, though: you can relax and reflect on what’s going on during flashbacks. You know characters better in Homer, though they are plane. Biblical characters are more complex and the y evolve, but you never know their reasons for what they do, their history or deep thoughts. Classical stories try to please the spectator, biblical ones try to dominate him: just one narrative is allowed. They search for truth, not realism.
There is also no historical time in biblical tales: just eternity, so you can import them centuries later. Homer tales have something happening before and after. No horizontal connection in bible (common plot or references), but a vertical one: same sacred exegesis is wanted, and it look at all the action from above.
Easy to distinguish legend from history: legend eliminates all resistant, diverse, unconnected, unsure… facts and characters are cut off from the rest of the world. Bible is history (not legend) because it’s untrue what can happen. Social structure can change. A social movement of underclass people is narrated, structural problems are deeply addressed: impossible for classics.
Petronius offers a different point of view from Homer in Fortunata (1st…

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