Comparing Theravada Buddhism, Vajrayana Buddhism And Zen Buddhism

Improved Essays
Buddhism can be broken down into main schools all have their own teachings and purposes. The school are Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism, Vajrayana Buddhism and Zen Buddhism I will discuss the similarities and differences.

Theravada Buddhism,it is considered the most conservative branch of Buddhism. It is known to be a monastic branch and is very strict, Thereavada is known for sticking to the original teachings of Buddha. According to Theravada Buddhism, one must live ethically, meditate, and seek wisdom. These teachings come from the sacred texts of Buddhism, known as the Tripitaka. In following the Tripitaka, a person will achieve the ultimate Buddhist goal of nirvana, which is enlightenment and freedom from the cycle of death and rebirth. With its focus on nirvana and its adherence to the oldest
…show more content…
Vajra in Sanskrit means diamond, while yana means vehicle. Vajrayana is translated as "Diamond Vehicle."The Vajrayana is also known as "Tibetan Buddhism." Vajrajyana quickly developed into a complex philosophical and ritual system. Vajrayana is also sometimes called "Tantric Buddhism," an esoteric extension of Buddhist thought and practice which sees itself as a quicker, more effective path to enlightenment. As with Mahayana Buddhism, the Vajrayana emphasizes the role of the bodhisattva, but the tradition tends to favor fierce deities, and significantly expands the bodhisattva pantheon. Vajrayana ritual and devotion employs mantras, mandalas , and other rituals. Much emphasis is placed on the role of the guru in the Vajrayana; these are religious teachers who have mastered the philosophical and ritual tradition. “The Tibet translation of guru is "lama," and the various Tibetan schools of the Vajrayana trace long lineages of gurus who serve both as religious and political leaders (the Dalai Lama is the most well known of Tibet's Lamas).”

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The religious texts of Hinduism are prevalent in assisting followers and guide them with unique schedules creating these messages a big change that is huge Buddhism. Within the life span of fans they encounter a teaching that try vital as karma. Karma was a reoccurring philosophy that is mystical both Buddhism and Hinduism. Karma is actually explained by those things that place outcomes to existence that is ones affect the present and future. These steps never only include deeds but thoughts and keywords.…

    • 1288 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    But when it came to Japan during the 12th and 13th centuries, it was known as Zen. The intent of Zen Buddhism was to reach enlightenment through meditation. It was believed that through meditation of this nature, an individual could reach an enlightened state of being in one lifetime. There were two main schools of Zen Buddhism. The first was Rinzai, which was founded by Eisai, who claimed that it “outwardly favored discipline over doctrine, inwardly it brought the highest inner wisdom” (Wangu 64).…

    • 2014 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They both believe in reaching a certain state of mind or Bhavas through certain spiritual practices like meditation or concentration. In order to enter into spiritual life, both Hindus and Buddhist believe in detachment and reincarnation of worldly life. Death is inevitable and inescapable aspect of life that is recognized in Hinduism and Buddhism. Death is a deity in both religions, sharing the same name as Yama. Both religions consider the best solution to the problem of suffering and bondage is liberation not rebirth or heavenly life.…

    • 761 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Term Mahayana refers to great vehicle. Mahayana was developed by the Mahayanists in order to compare their principles with those of other Buddhist sects, particularly the Theravada. Mahayana the “great vehicle” was used to fake Theravadins by naming their principles ‘Hinayana’ or ‘small vehicle’. Mahayana Buddhism focuses on the doctrine of the Bodhisattva. The term Bodhisattva can also be named as Buddhahood, which means desire for complete enlightenment, has been aroused.…

    • 553 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In the Buddhist religion, the word has much different context. To Buddhists, reaching Nirvana, enlightenment, is the the only way to end suffering. It is the only way to stop rebirth, also called samsara. This state is a moment of insight that provides cessation of all negative mental states. Siddhartha Gautama, also known as The Buddha, helped to establish the Buddhism ways .…

    • 1532 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    According to (http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/buddha/ (2012) the title “Buddha” means awakened, which is an individual who finds the path to nirvana, the end of suffering, and spreads that knowledge so others may discover the path to nirvana as well. One of Buddhism’s biggest worries was freedom from dukkha (unease) and the path to that final freedom involves an ethical action/karma, meditation and understanding the realm of reality. A repetitive thesis in Buddhist philosophy has been the formation of ideas and reverting back to the Buddhist Middle Way (a term Gautama used to describe the character of the Noble Eightfold Path that he discovered leads to liberation). The goal of Buddhist philosophy was to reach nirvana and to achieve it one must reach the state that is beyond craving and suffering. According to (http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/5minbud.htm (2015) the Buddha was not considered a God, nor did he claim to be one, he was simply a man who used his own experiences to teach others how to reach the path to enlightenment.…

    • 1112 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Humans, according to the Buddha, can escape the cycles of reincarnation by renouncing their earthly desires and seeking a life of meditation and self-discipline. The ultimate objective of Buddhism is to attain Nirvana, which is a state of total spiritual bliss – satisfaction (Humanosophy 1). Like Hinduism, Buddhism allows religious divergence. Unlike it, though, Buddhism rejects ritual and the caste system. Buddhism acknowledges the same teachings (doctrine) of Buddha, namely the purification of consciousness through the Four Noble Truths: 1.)…

    • 1034 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ahimsa And Jainism

    • 789 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In this paper I wish to address the Buddhist and Jain notion of ahimsa and how it is understood and followed in each religion. Ahimsa is the Sanskrit term for avoidance of violence (hinsa). This belief holds all life as equal and intends on preserving all life forms via mankind. Buddhism as well as Jainism, follow non-violent principles in their quest for liberation from the cycle of rebirth. However, it is the latter one that takes the principle of no-harm to extremes.…

    • 789 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Confucianism and Buddhism both have a yearning to reach an ultimate harmony, in which each individual can live ethically, however their method and focus to reach this harmony differs considerably. Confucius created Confucianism during the Warring States era. Confucius…

    • 967 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    ZenBuddhism is emphasizes on the enlightenment that can be obtained by each individual just as The Buddha did himself. It is one of the mostwell known schools of Buddhism in America and is rapidly growing in the West. Some of the primary characteristics of Zen Buddhism is theirrare use of scriptures, something completely different from other sects in this religion. This is done in order to focus more on the meditationthan anything else in order to achieve the highest enlightenment. In Japan, there are subgroups of Zen and with each a school is…

    • 450 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays