Compare Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivators Essay

1199 Words Feb 16th, 2011 5 Pages
Compare Relationship Between Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation
USP MBA Program - Presentation – Trimester 1 – 2011 by Group 8 Members Mukhtar Ahmed Nitesh Chandra ; Gabriel Pen ; Ateca C. Vakatora ; Devina R. Rao ; Salote Naulivou

Objectives:
To define motivation To define Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation To give examples of Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivations Identify the relationship between Intrinsic & Extrinsic motivations using the theories that discuss the relationship and give examples. Conclusion

Motivation
What is motivation? Process that accounts for an individuals intensity, direction & persistence of effort towards attaining a goal.

Why motivation is needed? – To increase job satisfaction – To increase
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Self-Efficacy /Social Cognition Theory Complements Goal setting theory According to this theory the following factors work towards motivation Self belief , (Believe that you can succeed in doing something) Experience (enactive mastery), Seeing others doing it successfully (Vicarious modeling) How you are managed (verbal persuasion /arousal) Pygmalion effect Believe that something to be true will make it true. Believe in a person’s ability and give tools/training to achieve the goals. These theories doesn’t not identify with intrinsic or extrinsic motivational factors.

Relationships
Maslows Satisfy lower needs (extrinsic) 1st before attempting higher needs (intrinsic).

ERG

Multiple needs can simultaneously motivate a person.

The XY

That for different people intrinsic and extrinsic motivation depends on individual circumstances.

Cognitive

This Theory indicates that Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are related - extrinsic motivation turns to diminish intrinsic motivation.

Expectancy External factor (attractive outcome) boosts internal motivation

Theories that don't discuss Intrinsic & Extrinsic factors….cont’d Reinforcement Theory Our behaviors is result of external environment; conditional behaviour (Extrinsic) Equity Theory People compare their job inputs and outcomes to those of others

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