Cold War Analysis

1810 Words 7 Pages
1. What major ideological conflicts, security interests, and events brought about the Cold War?
The United States and the Soviet Union were destined to face conflict, for they were “Born of a common foe rather than common long-term interest, values, or history…” (Foner 887). One of the main influences of this conflict was the differences in ideologies, for both the Soviet Union and the United States “…claimed to be promoting freedom and social justice…and each offered its social system as a model the rest of the world should follow” (Foner 888). However, the Communist ideology supported the spread of communism around the world, at any cost. This included a plan to expand their power through occupying other territories, which is something that
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During the Cold War, the American government became very large and active in the crusade against the spread of communism, for …show more content…
The general population did not return to a feeling or normalcy as they did after World War I, as a new era of distrust overtook the nation. A mentality of a sharp differentiation between “…patriotic Americans and those accused of being disloyal” (Foner 907) shaped the American mindset, with general suspicion impacting various civil liberties. The federal government adopted a loyalty review system, in which “…employees were required to demonstrate their patriotism” (Foner 907), and resulted in the dismissal of hundreds from their jobs. In addition to this, during the Cold War people were often accused of being Soviet spies, and these allegations were treated seriously, resulting in numerous “Spy Trials”. This general distrust was not limited to the government, however, for McCarthyism had crept into the lives of everyday people. During the age of fear, anticommunism had spread to local governments who created their own committees which “…investigated suspected communists…required loyalty oaths of teachers, pharmacists, and members of other professions” (Foner 910). In addition to this, communists were banned from fishing and obtaining a driver’s license, and libraries were pressured to remove books deemed as “un-American”. Organizations, both social and political, were also not exempt from the obstruction of civil liberties during the Cold War, for they had “…to

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