Cognitive Factors Of Older Participants Essay

1082 Words Dec 9th, 2015 5 Pages
The researchers pointed to cognitive factors to explain this suggesting that older participants are more set in their ways, and that younger participants are willing to accept gender stereotypes as a way of fitting in (Garcia-Retamero & López-Zafra, 2006). The sample included a wide range of ages and education levels, but was limited to Whites in southern Spain. Participants were randomly assigned to one of six groups and completed a questionnaire after reading a vignette, which proposed a man or woman being promoted to a supervisor position. Participants rated factors such as likelihood of success in being promoted as well as potential success in the position, as well as how the candidates were perceived as conforming to stereotypical gender roles. The results indicated a clear prejudice against the female candidate when working in a masculine or unspecified industry, as men were more likely to be promoted. This was not the case in the feminine industry whereby men and women were seen to be equally effective. An interesting result was that women were perceived as equally feminine and masculine, and the researchers suggested this was an attempt to reconcile the incongruence between gender role and leadership role. The hypothesis regarding causal attributions was confirmed as female candidate success in masculine environments resulted in participants making external attributions in this regard, whereas male success was attributed to internal causes across industries. When…

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