Clinical Decision Making Is A Complex And Continuous Process Essay

778 Words Dec 20th, 2016 4 Pages
Clinical decision-making is a complex and continuous process that includes dynamic interacting elements and critical thinking. This process involves both intuitive and analytic cognitive modes, which is defined in term of dual-process theory. Intuitive or non-analytical process relies on tacit knowledge and affection that depends on learners’ previous experience and pattern recognition (Marcum, 2012). It is an automatic response, low awareness less effort so it can be prone to error in decision making (Dawson, 1993; Croskerry, 2005; Evans, 2008). In contrast, analytical process requires a specific body of knowledge and logical thinking (Marcum, 2012). It is a deliberate action, high awareness and considerable effort (Dawson, 1993; Croskerry, 2005; Evans, 2008). Moreover, Stanovich (2011) have suggested that beliefs and attitudes are also involved in the analytical process in order to monitor reasoning as a reflective mind.

Effective clinical reasoning and decision-making are likely to be found in individuals who can accurately use their acquired knowledge to analyse, monitor, control and evaluate clinical situations in order to solve clinical problems and uncertainties (Patel, Sandars, & Carr, 2015). This construct of self-evaluation is known as metacognition. Thus, metacognition can be defined as the ability of individuals in a situation to understand, aware and regulate their own knowledge, thoughts and performance on tasks (Flavell, 1979; Garner & Alexander, 1989). In…

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