Disparity Between Climate Change And Inequalities

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The nexus between climate change, poverty and inequalities.
The influence between climate change and inequalities need to be concerned to find the link of climate change and human rights. Climate change is a global phenomenon with impacts spread across the world, however, less developed countries are more likely to have a severe impact than that of developed countries (The Global Climate Risk Index 2018). Especially those in the region near the equator, such as Central America, the Caribbean, South America, East Africa, West Africa and Southeast Asia are inherently susceptible to climate change (Randell & Gray, 2016). The reason why developing countries are more vulnerable is because of structural inequalities which include “gender, age, ethnicity,
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Hence, climate change will accelerate the existing poverty. For example, when there is the change in temperatures, it can change the structure of the earth and will lead major climate stresses including sea level rise, storms and drought. Such climate hazardous will ultimately put people into risks, such as disease outbreak and malnutrition. UNHCR shows that “since 2009, an estimated one person every second has been displaced by a disaster, with an average of 22.5 million people displaced by climate- or weather-related events since 2008 (IDMC, 2015).” A huge number of people are also traumatized the living without shelter, clean water and basic supplies. Although the international community has made efforts to end poverty, inequalities and climate change are threatening to undermine the efforts of people to escape poverty as two major injustices (Byanyima, 2018). Climate change accelerates the effects of poverty and structural inequalities and the situation has been worse. Climate change is no longer limited to the environmental concerns and extinct animals, but it can be perceived as …show more content…
Regarding the impact of climate change towards human lives, when people in rural area expose to the climate hazardous, they often decide to migrate to ensure human rights as well as secure their life. In Somalia in 2017, for instance, there was a displacement crisis due to the drought. After the drought in 2017, 800,000 people fled their homes and additional 1.1 million of people already displaced in the foreign countries. When people are forced migrate, they will face with the financial problems and lose the access to employment, education, religious services, healthcare, political autonomy, social networks, and the security associated with a sense of home. Given that, climate change is considered as an additional push factor (this will mention later) to undermine people’s secured life. Especially natural resource sectors such as agriculture, forestry, ecosystems, water resources, and fisheries (CLIMATE CHANGE 2014 Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, 2016), will be affected the most since they will face with limited alternative sources of income. Especially children expose the large vulnerability of climate change and they face distinct challenges, such as the lack of access to education. Some migrated family is unable to pay school fees and schools may be beyond their capacity and refuse to accept new migrant students. Some children combine work

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