National Security Policy

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1. POLICY DECISION AND OBJECTIVES: On November 2014, the United States and China made a historic joint announcement on climate change emphasizing a shared commitment and critical role that both countries play in addressing it. On 21 September 2016, the President directed a policy that ensures “climate change-related impacts are fully considered in the development of national security doctrine, policies, and plans.” Specifically, the policy pertains to the threat of foreign natural disasters to national security. The threat increases the demand for United States humanitarian assistance globally, which includes considerable Department of Defense resources.

2. BACKGROUND / NATIONAL INTERESTS: In the July 2011 Department of Defense Support
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strategy publications. The National Security Strategy, the National Military Strategy and the Quadrennial Defense Review all reference the potential national security impacts of climate change. Additionally, Joint Publication 3-29, Joint Humanitarian Assistance, was updated on 3 January 2014 and is the “joint doctrine for planning, executing, and assessing foreign humanitarian assistance operations”. There is no shortage of documented impacts, threats, considerations, and even Joint doctrine regarding the humanitarian assistance needed after a natural disaster but a clear DoD strategy has yet to be …show more content…
Option 3: Interagency Approach. This option is the whole-of-government response to humanitarian assistance. It includes the DoD with a JTF and all other government agencies that have capabilities applicable to the humanitarian assistance mission. Unity of command would be established by identification of a lead agency that would provide guidance on planning, training, personnel, and capabilities in preparation and command and control in response to humanitarian assistance. The interagency approach will require significant early coordination to account for policy and legal considerations in a whole-of-government approach. Focused and prioritized collaboration on the part of all agencies involved is a key to success for the interagency approach. This option emphasizes the diplomatic element of national power and has the potential for the smallest emphasis on the military element of national power of the three

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