Chronic Disease And Its Effects On Health And Welfare Essays

1102 Words Sep 14th, 2015 null Page
It is not easy to define chronicity. Chronicity refers to the term that is consistent and continuous, in regards to the onset of an illness. Chronic diseases are long-lasting with persistent effect on individuals (Larsen 2013). A significant number of health risk factors such as lifestyle and other complex issues can cause chronic illness. They are not only the leading cause of disability, with its impact on health and welfare but also the leading cause of illness and deaths in Australia, accountable for 90% of deaths that occurred in 2011 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015).

In Australian context, chronic disease makes upto 70% of the disease burden and it is estimated to increase upto 80% by 2020. Previously, NSW health system was designed to focus more on acute centric care model, however with time there was need for increased illness prevention, health survellience and support for chronic illness management (Rochester 2015). As a result, government has proposed some reform over few decades with its focus on care and management of individual with chronicity. New reforms in health policy emphasizes on primary health care that works on enhancing and enabling the role of practiceners focusing more on prevention and management (NSW Health 2014).

However, there is still a need of more emphasis on the role of practice nurses in order to provide interventions needed to develop subject to local needs (NSW Health 2014).

Disease is measurable, can be defined…

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