Essay on Christians And The Jewish Heritage
In the first century, Christians generally met in each other’s houses. They congregated in synagogues, as they did not have a formal place to meet, as many of them dubbed themselves Messianic Jews. Since they did not have the infrastructure to fellowship in large buildings, many of them gathered together in house churches. They met on the day Jesus rose from the grave, Sunday, unless they went to Synagogue, in which they met on Saturday. The tradition of meeting on Sundays set soon becomes normative for Christians, as from this point on Sunday is the general day of meeting. Many of these Messianic Jews did not abandon Judaism, but instead saw Jesus as the fulfillment of Judaism. They did not abandon their Jewish heritage, but instead became better Jews because the Kingdom of God is upon us.
In the second century, believers remained under duress in the heart of Rome, and generally met in the same general fashion. For a large portion of the first century, Rome recognized Christians as Jews and did not persecute them, but as time moved on and Christianity began to gain steam, the persecution intensified. Under Marcus Aurelius, the second century persecution further intensified, and Christians, now recognized as separate from Jews, became the target for Roman persecution.
In the first century, only baptized believers in good standing partook in the Lord’s Supper. This meant that only the people in the congregation baptized by immersion partook in the Lord’s Supper.…